Guava is a delicious fruit and a favorite fruit of many people. It has many healing and beauty effects that not many people know about. Researchers claim that guava is a “nutrient store” that nature has generously given us. Maybe you are still skeptical about this claim. Don’t worry because this article will give you a different perspective on this delicious fruit. You will definitely regret for not knowing the great nutrition value, beauty and benefits of guava fruit sooner. Do not miss any of the interesting information below.
What Is A Guava?
Being a popular fruit, this fruit was first discovered in Brazil. In the study, botanists call this fruit Psidiumguajava. It was first described by botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1753.One guava can weigh from 4g – 700g. This fruit has many seeds. The time from pollination to ripe fruit is about 100 days. Guava trees are about 13 meters high. This plant can’t stand the cold. As the temperature drops below -2 degrees Celsius, guava trees will die. In contrast, guava easily tolerates high temperatures in the deserts if they are adequately supplied with water. When the temperature is 18-20 degrees Celsius, the guava grows slowly and the fruit is small. As temperatures rise, guava grows rapidly and produces large and sweet guava fruits. That is why guava is usually grown in tropical countries.
Guava can be eaten raw or processed into jam or canned guava juice. Depending on the guava variety, guava fruit can be sweet or sour.
What Is The Nutrient And Chemical Composition Of Guava Fruit?
Guava and guava leaves contain beta-sitosterol, quereetine, guaijaverin, leucocyanidin and avicularin. Guava leaves also contain volatile essential oil(caryophyllene, β-bisabolene, aromadendrene, β-selenene, nerolidiol, caryophyllene oxide and Sel-11-en-4a-ol and eugenol). Ripe guava is rich in vitamin C and polysaccharides such as fructose, xylose, glucose, rhamnosose, and galactose. The roots contain arjunolic acid, tannin and organic acids.
The average nutrient content in 100 grams of guava: 1 g of protein, 15 mg of calcium, 1 mg of iron, 0.06 mg of retinol (vitamin A), 0.05 mg of thiamin (vitamin B1) and 200 mg of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). High vitamin C content in guava is significantly higher than in orange. Guavas are also rich in pectin.
According to another document, a guava contains 77.9% water, 0.9% protein, 0.3% lipid, 15% carbohydrate, 0.3% organic acid, 0.5% ash,0.03 mg% vitamin B1, 0.03 mg% vitamin B2, 0.2 mg% vitamin PP, and 50-60% vitamin C. Sugars in guava include 58.9% fructose, 35.7% glucose, and 5.3% sucrose. The main organic acids in guava are citric acid and malic acid.
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According to the United States Department of Agriculture, each 100g of guava fruit contains 36-50 calories of energy, 77-86 g of water, 2.8-5.5 g of digestive fiber, 0.9-1.0 g of protein,0.1-0.5 g of fat, 0.43-0.7 g of ash, 9.5-10 g of carbohydrate, 9.1-17 mg of calcium, 17 8-30 mg of phosphorus, 0.30-0.70 mg of iron, 200-400 IU of vitamin A, 200-400 mg of vitamin C, 0.046 mg of vitamin B1, 0.03-0.04 mg of vitamin B2, and 0.6 -1,068 mg vitamin B3.
How To Choose A Good Guava?
To do this, you can apply the following tips:
- Find the softest guava. Soft guava is very sweet and delicious. Remember that guava is best when it's soft, but it's also very easy to rot. After buying guava, you have two days to eat them before it stops, depending on its maturity when you choose.
- Observe the black streaks on the guava. You should choose fruit without black streaks. Black streaks means that the guava is rotten or not delicious.
- Check the color of the guava. Ripe rats are usually light green or light yellow. If it is light pink, this is the best guava. If you cannot buy ripe guava, you can buy green guava and wait for the fruit to ripen.
- Smell before choosing. Raisin fruit usually emits a clear scent even if you do not bring it near the nose. They smell sweet and fragrant.
The above is some useful information about guava. Hopefully you have more knowledge about this fruit. Here, we introduce to you the amazing health benefits of guava fruit which you may not be aware of. Please take a look at TrueRemedies.com!
Top 13 Nutritional Value, Beauty And Health Benefits Of Guava Fruit
1. Health Benefits Of Guava – Fight Skin Aging
Fighting skin aging is the first benefit in this list of nutritional value and health benefits of guava fruit. Aging skin is the process of impairing the functions of the skin. This causes blood circulation and lymphatic system decline, destroys the underlying structure of the skin, weakening the capillaries under the skin. As a result, toxins cannot be eliminated. From a scientific point of view, the skin is quietly affected by factors such as age, sunlight, environmental pollution and stress. These factors attack and cause harm from the age of 20, but have not shown clearly. After the age of 30, the signs of aging skin like wrinkles, skin dryness, pigmentation, freckles, and loss of elasticity began to manifest clearly. This makes many people lose confidence. Therefore, measures to fight or improve skin aging are always concerned by many people.
One of the simplest ways to help you do this is to regularly eat guava. Vitamin C of guava helps activate the production of collagen – essential ingredients that help strengthen the structure of the skin, maintain collagen content in the skin, and keep the skin stable. Vitamin C in guava has the effect of healing the skin. As guava contains antioxidant properties, it also enhances the resistance and protects the skin and the body from external factors. Antioxidants in guava help slow down the growth of free radicals, prevent and slow down the aging process. Many studies have shown that guava extract has very good anti-inflammatory properties, which should be used to treat acne effectively.
According to nutritionists, when eating guava, you should eat the shell because vitamin C in guava concentrated mainly in the shell. Before eating, you should clean the guava thoroughly to ensure hygiene.
2. Health Benefits Of Guava – Improve Immune System
In this list of nutritional value and health benefits of guava fruit, this is little-known. We talk a lot about the consequences of the HIV virus that attack the human immune system, but few people have accurate knowledge of what the immune system is. Immune system is a system that includes the structure and biological process in an organism to protect it from disease. In order to be active, the immune system must be able to detect many pathogens, from viruses to parasites, and distinguish them from the healthy tissues of the body. Decreased immune system is a condition in which our body is constantly tired, susceptible to bacterial and viral diseases from the external environment. Those who are susceptible to decreased immune system are infants from the age of 6 months to 4 years and the elderly. They are susceptible to some types of infections such as diarrhea, respiratory infections, and allergies. Therefore, boosting the immune system is essential. Guava can help you do this .
The amount of vitamin C in the guava is four times higher than the vitamin C in the orange. Vitamin C enhances the immune system. It helps the body to avoid germs that cause illnesses such as coughs, colds and flu, and it also helps to “clear” the respiratory system, preventing viral infections. In addition, high levels of vitamin B in guava also help a lot for your immune system. Therefore, regularly eat guava or drink guava juice to maintain a healthy body.
3. Health Benefits Of Guava – Improve Hormonal Functions
A hormone is a chemical secreted by one or more cells and they affect the cells in different parts of the body. Only a small amount of the hormone is used in the metabolism of the cell. It is a chemical tool that transmits signals from one cell to another. The hormones in the body are usually given in the blood. The cells respond to hormones when they receive the hormone. Hormones bind to the receptor protein, which activates the signaling mechanism and eventually leads to specific responses on each type of cell.
Hormones have the following roles:
- Participates in regulating the growth and development of the body.
- Participates in the process of regulating metabolism and energy. The process of metabolism, storage and transformation of energy in the body depends on the hormone.
- Participates in regulating the internal balance of intracellular and extracellular fluid.
- Engage in regulating the body's adaptation to the environment.
- Participating in regulating the reproductive process.
With the information above, you probably notice that hormones play a very important role in the body. Hence, maintaining and improving the function of the hormone is very important. Keep eating guava regularly to do this.
One of the major minerals in guava is copper. The amount of copper in guava helps support the production and absorption of hormones for the body. In addition, it also improves hormonal function, especially the thyroid gland where food and energy metabolism takes place.
4. Health Benefits Of Guava – Reduce Blood Pressure
The next one in this list of nutritional value and health benefits of guava fruit is reducing blood pressure. Blood pressure and heart rate are important indicators associated with cardiovascular activity. Blood pressure is the pressure on the blood vessel walls when the heart pumps blood throughout the body. Everyone wants to have a healthy body and have a normal blood pressure level. When the doctor measures your blood pressure, the results will be displayed by two numbers, one above and one below as a fraction. For example, with 120/80 mmHg, the above number indicates the pressure in your arteries while your heart muscle shrinks while the number below is the blood pressure when your heart muscle is dilating.
Factors affecting blood pressure include: gravity, valves in the vein, respiration, and muscle contraction. High blood pressure can lead to coronary artery disease, kidney disease, impaired vision, sexual dysfunction, heart failure or stroke. These are very dangerous diseases, so reducing blood pressure is essential.
Many medical studies show that if we consume foods that do not contain fiber, our bodies will be very prone to hypertension as the food we consume will quickly turn into sugar. Because guava has a lot of fiber and a low glycemic index, if you add guava to your daily diet, your high blood pressure will improve, and bad cholesterol levels in the blood will be reduced. Therefore, you will no longer have to worry about cardiovascular disease.
5. Health Benefits Of Guava – Lose Weight
The next benefit in this list of nutritional value and health benefits of guava fruit is losing weight. Overweight is a condition in which there is more fat in the body than allowed. Overweight is usually caused by excess diet and lack of exercise. 64% of US adults are overweight or obese. This rate has increased over the past four decades. Overweight has become a global epidemic with more than one billion adults being overweight or obese. This number is rising. A healthy body needs a minimum amount of fat for hormone functions, reproduction, immunity, and other functions. But over-fat storage can affect your mobility, flexibility as well as your appearance.
Overweight and obesity cause many health consequences. They increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes, hormonal disorders, osteoporosis and cancer. Therefore, if you are overweight or obese, you need to plan for weight loss right now. While implementing this plan, do not forget to eat guava regularly. This fruit is especially useful for your condition.
Guava is low in fat so it is suitable for overweight or obese people. In particular, guava fruits contain more lycopene than tomatoes. Lycopene works against diseases associated with obesity and other diseases such as diabetes . As a result, it helps you reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
6. Health Benefits Of Guava – Treat Diabetes
Diabetes is a fairly common medical condition. When you have diabetes, your body loses its ability to use or produce insulin hormones appropriately. Having diabetes means that your blood sugar is too high for many reasons. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. By 2030, the world will have more than 500 million people suffering from diabetes. Diabetes treatment accounts for 80% of the medical burden in middle-income and low-income countries. Diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, is the most common cause of blindness and hemodialysis.
In addition, cardiovascular complications such as myocardial infarction or stroke due to diabetes are also leading causes of death. Diabetes is a very dangerous disease so it should be treated as soon as possible.
A Korean study has shown that guava is capable of treating diabetes. This study suggests that the ability to inhibit the tyrosine hosphatase 1B enzyme of guava leaves extract is effective in treating type 2 diabetes. Fresh guava also contains high amounts of soluble and insoluble fiber, which can help lower blood glucose levels safely. However, eating guava shell is not good for your blood sugar. The best way to eat guava for patients with diabetes is to peel off the shell.
7. Health Benefits Of Guava – Treat Cough
This sounds strange when it comes to this list of nutritional value and health benefits of guava fruit, but it is true. Coughing is a common condition, but it is not a disease. Cough is a symptom of respiratory, digestive, or cardiovascular disease. Cough is also a sign of more serious illnesses such as tuberculosis, lung cancer, pneumonia or chronic bronchitis. This condition occurs because the cells along the respiratory tract are irritated, causing the lungs to push the air out at high pressure and speed. Depending on the duration, the coughing may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Some of the symptoms associated with cough include fever, chills, pharyngitis, nausea, vomiting, headache and runny nose.
There are many ways to help you quickly treat cough. One of those ways is drinking guava juice. This juice works to “clean” the respiratory tract. Guava has a lot of vitamins and iron, so it works to prevent colds and cases of virus infection. Besides, you can also use guava leaves to do this. All you need to do is just boil 1 bowl of water, add 4-5 guava leaves, and continue to boil for 2-3 minutes. Drink it when it is still warm. Your condition will improve quickly.
8. Health Benefits Of Guava – Prevent Cancer
The next one in this list of nutritional value and health benefits of guava fruit is preventing cancer. Cancer is a dangerous disease of cells. Cancer is a group of diseases that are involved in cell division. These cancer cells are capable of invading other tissues by developing directly into neighboring tissues or moving to distant locations through the lymphatic system or blood vessels. Metastasis is the main cause of death. There are over 200 types of cancer. Cancer is not a disease. It is a group of over 100 different diseases. Cancer is not transmitted. The treatment of cancer is very difficult and takes a lot of time and money. Therefore, it is best to avoid this disease early   .
According to medical studies, the extract from guava leaves can help prevent cancer. In addition, guava also contains large amounts of lypocene which have anti-cancer effects. In particular, folate in guava also helps to prevent stomach cancer. Guava contains folic acid and vitamin B9 which are important for fetal nervous system development. Therefore, eat regular guava or drink guava juice.
9. Health Benefits Of Guava – Treat Tooth Decay
Tooth decay is the process by which bacteria touch, attack the tooth structure, causing damage to the tooth surface. The manifestation of this condition is the deep hole on the tooth surface. This causes the patient to have pain and discomfort. If not detected and treated in time, the bacteria will gradually penetrate deep into the tooth structure, destroying the dentin and pulp inside and causing bone marrow necrosis. Even in severe cases, patients are forced to remove the tooth.
Some of the main causes of tooth decay are bacteria, food, dental hygiene, water, and age. Normally, in the early stages, tooth decay does not cause any obvious symptoms, so it is difficult for patients to recognize the damage to the teeth. Once you notice the following symptoms, the condition of the tooth decay is quite severe: plaque around the gums and teeth, prolonged toothache (especially at night), tooth bleeding and bad breath.
You can treat decay in many ways. Using guava leaves juice is one of those ways. Guava leaves juice contains astringent and vitamins that can treat toothache and gum disease effectively. All you need to do is crush a handful of guava leaves to have guava leaves juice. Use the juice to rinse 1-2 times a day. You can do this until your condition improves.
10. Health Benefits Of Guava – Help The Body Absorb Nutrients Better
No wonder, this is definitely one that should be mentioned in this list of nutritional value and health benefits of guava fruit. Nutrients are substances or chemical compounds that play a vital role in maintaining the body's life and activity through metabolism and they are usually supplied through the gastrointestinal tract.
For humans, nutrients are supplied primarily through daily meals. The absorption of nutrients mainly occurs in the small intestine. The mucosal layer of the small intestine has pleats and very small hairs that make its internal surface area 600 times larger than its outer surface area. Nutrients are absorbed in two ways:
- Blood: sugar, amino acids, 30% lipids and some toxins
- Lymph: The vitamins which dissolve in oil and 70% lipids
Once absorbed, nutrients are mixed and distributed to the body's cells. Improving the body's ability to absorb nutrients is very important. It helps the body get enough nutrients to stay healthy.
Very few people know that guava can promote the absorption of nutrients of the body. This fruit also helps thin people to increase their body weight. This is explained by scientists that the nutrients, proteins, vitamins and minerals found in guava help the metabolism take place properly. As a result, the absorption of nutrients from the body will occur more effectively. Therefore, if you feel your gut is not working properly and the absorption of nutrients of your body is poor, let’s eat plenty of guava.
11. Health Benefits Of Guava – Treat Diarrhea
This is another benefit in this list of nutritional value and health benefits of guava fruit. Diarrhea is the most common gastrointestinal disease. Depending on the duration of the disease, diarrhea is divided into three main categories:
- Acute diarrhea: lasts for a few days to a week
- Intermediate diarrhea: lasts about 3 weeks
- Chronic diarrhea: lasts more than 4 weeks
Some signs of diarrhea are abdominal pain, loose stools, nausea, vomiting, headache, fever, dehydration and blood in the stool. For adults, diarrhea is not dangerous because the patient can drink fluids and electrolytes to treat the disease. However, if diarrhea occurs in infants, it will become more severe if the patients are not given extra water or they cannot drink (due to vomiting or coma). Anyway, this disease also needs to be treated as soon as possible. You can do this by eating guava.
Guava is effective in treating diarrhea because there are many astringents in guava. In addition, alkaline compounds in guava can prevent the growth of bacteria during the treatment of diarrhea or dysentery. In addition, the guava has carotenoids, vitamin C and potassium that support the healing of stomach ulcers. This is really great news for people who are constantly suffering from bowel diseases.
12. Health Benefits Of Guava – Prevent Constipation
Preventing constipation is among the most overlooked health benefits of guava fruit. Constipation is a disease that often occurs in adults and children. Constipation is not a disease but a symptom of diseases which occur in the large intestine and colon. Constipation is usually treated if you change your lifestyle, but chronic constipation is more difficult to treat and is usually a symptom of another condition. Diseases that cause constipation may be colorectal polyps or colorectal cancer. Some common signs of constipation are abdominal pain, bloating, hard stool, and blood in the stool. Although this is a common symptom, you should see a doctor if the constipation lasts more than two weeks.
When you first notice the symptoms of constipation, you can treat the disease by eating guava or drinking guava juice. Astringent in guava is good for stomach. It helps treat or prevent diarrhea. Moreover, it inhibits the growth of bacteria and restricts gastrointestinal secretions, prevents and treats dysentery. This is because the guava fruit contains high fiber content. In particular, very few people know that guava seeds have laxative effect. By that, we can all conclude that guava is really good for your intestines.
Health Benefits Of Guava – Some Attention
Although guava is good for health, when eating guava, you still need to note the following:
- You should not eat green guava because its acrid taste will make you very susceptible to stomach disease and constipation.
- When eating guava, you need to chew the seeds thoroughly. If you cannot do this, you should remove the seeds before eating.
- People with asthma should drink guava juice to easily absorb the nutrients of this wonderful fruit.
- The shell of the guava fruit contains lots of vitamin C, but patients with diabetes remove the shell before eating.
- Do not eat guava before every meal if you are trying to gain weight.
The aforementioned are the great beauty health benefits that guava brings to your life. Let’s eat guava regularly to stay healthy. If you have any contributing ideas about our article of “Top 13 Nutritional Value And Health Benefits Of Guava Fruit” introduced in SuperfoodsCategory, do not hesitate to drop your words below this post. We will answer as soon as we could.